Spotting a Scamcoin: Bitconnect
In this week’s guide to spotting a scamcoin, where we tell cautionary tales of investments gone wrong in hopes of making you a better-informed investor in the future, we present the story of what may be the biggest scam to ever rock the world of cryptocurrency: the story of Bitconnect.
Though the exact figures are unknown, it is estimated that tens of thousands of people lost a combined hundreds of millions of dollars by unwittingly investing in one of the most well-funded, longest-lasting Ponzi schemes to ever capture the minds and hearts of the crypto community. We also lament how an abundance of red flags from the initial stages are no match for the overconfidence and hard-headedness of those on a mission to “get rich quick.”
Bitconnect: Crypto’s Greatest Ponzi Story
The moment you acquire BitConnect Coin it becomes an interest-bearing asset with 120% return per year. It is that simple. – Bitconnect website landing page
The original idea behind Bitconnect was indeed quite simple:
- Deposit bitcoin into the Bitconnect platform website.
- Trade it for Bitconnect Coin (BCC) using the platform’s exchange.
- Lend the BCC to website trading managers in the form of an “investment.”
- Sit back and watch profits from the interest roll in.
How much easier could moneymaking be?
The Bitconnect Coin ICO ran through the month of December, 2016, attracting thousands of BTC and investors in the process, though not without some scrutiny and early heeds of warning:
According to its Announcement (ICO) thread on bitcointalk.org, “BitConnect coin is an open source, peer-to-peer, community driven decentralized cryptocurrency that allow (sp.) people to store and invest their wealth in a non-government-controlled currency, and even earn a substantial interest on investment.” The interest was so substantial that the same OP also claimed, “the moment you acquire BitConnect Coin it becomes an interest-bearing asset with 120% return per year through PoS minting.” To put things in perspective, Bitconnect offered a return on investment 10 fold greater in magnitude than that of convicted felon and Ponzi schemer Bernie Madoff.
Though it started off with a simple, ambiguous mission statement, Bitconnect evolved into a moderately successful lending platform, making many of its ICO participants quite wealthy in the process. In addition to collecting interest from bitcoin deposited into the Bitconnect platform, users had the chance to profit off successful referrals to the system, based on the amount of money the referrals were willing to “invest” into the system. The Bitconnect referral hierarchy looked amazingly like a pyramid – which is exactly what it was – a multilevel marketing or Pyramid scheme.
By July 2017, Bitconnect was offering investors (“loaners”) an unheard-of 1% per day profits on deposits; a number made possible by what they described as their patented “volatility trading bot” that could consistently produce positive returns by capitalizing on the inherent volatility within bitcoin’s price movement. This implied that it was possible to double one’s investment within a period of four months, and as Bitconnect had been steadily paying out for months previous, it drew wave after wave of new, “easy money” seekers, all too blinded by their own greed to recognize the building evidence that they were about to be suckered into a classic Ponzi scheme. (As we’ve previously mentioned, one of the main characteristics of a Ponzi is a guaranteed, steady profit – there is simply no such thing! Stay away from anybody or any investment opportunity that claims otherwise!)
By August 2017, severe doubts as to whether Bitconnect was a legitimate operation or a Ponzi scheme took hold of the user community, regardless of the fact that Bitconnect Coin (BCC) had achieved a $600+ million market cap with apparently no sign of slowing down.
Two months later, in November, the anonymously-led project with its “black box” trading system received a triple kiss-of-death that marked the beginning of its end. First was a vote of no-confidence from the crypto ranking website Coincodex, which released the following statement about Bitconnect:
After taking the time to further analyse the Bitconnect project it is still unclear who is behind the project, exactly how it works, or if BCC has any actual use. Bitconnect also employs a number of dubious methods in order to operate and promote its business. The business model outlined by the company is economically unsustainable with the current level of returns unable to be validated by any legally known investment system. The Bitconnect project also generates a large amount of negative feedback from within the cryptocurrency community with accusations that the project is actually a “scam” or “Ponzi scheme” being actively discussed. As a result, we have taken the decision to distance ourselves from this project, remove it from the top 100 by market cap list and place a warning on Bitconnect page.
Next was a tweet by Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum founder and pretty much the closest thing to a crypto deity since Satoshi Nakamoto, who must have got wind of the Bitconnect scam and decided to publicly give his two cents on the issue:
Yeah, if 1%/day is what they offer then that’s a ponzi.
— Vitalik “Not giving away ETH” Buterin (@VitalikButerin) November 2, 2017
Buterin’s un-endorsement quickly led to the largest crypto ranking website CoinMarketCap’s decision to re-adjust the capitalization value of Bitconnect based on the circulating supply of coins (as opposed to the total supply), causing it to fall from $1.9 billion to $596 million over 24 hours, wiping off approximately $1.3 billion of its estimated worth. With a single tweet, the association between Ponzi and Bitconnect would be forever cemented, being caught in the eye of the media, which was happy to explain how its referral system was unsustainable while pointing out other red flags inherent in a Ponzi scheme.
A flood of new and longtime critics on bitcointalk likely helped others save thousands or even millions of dollars that were about to disappear into the wind.
While the price per BCC coin continued to soar, rising some 80% from November 2017 to January 2018, the jig was nearly up, and it quickly became evident that Bitconnect was engaging in price manipulation as the vast majority of all BCC coins were being traded through the exchange hosted on their platform.
On January 8th, 2018, Bitconnect was served a cease and desist letter by the state of Texas, soon followed by class action lawsuits filed on behalf of investors in several other states where concerns and losses had started to mount. BCC lost 25% of its value in 5 days time, and then what is likely the biggest collapse of any crypto market ever occurred when BCC lost an additional 95% of its value, dropping from $300 to $16 in about a week’s time.
During the month of January, a staggering $2.45 billion had been wiped off Bitconnect Coin’s market cap, producing one of the ugliest charts for any publicly tradeable entity in the existence of humankind:
A combination of legal pressures and a rapidly declining price of BTC – as well as ever-mounting criticism and scrutiny from the community – are what finally did the Bitconnect Ponzi in. It had paid out consistently for well over a year, which is pretty amazing by Ponzi scheme standards. But in the end, in spite of all the promises of legitimacy from team members and devotee users alike, Bitconnect proved to be nothing more than what many had suspected all along: a complete sham.
Lives were ruined, many losing not just their respect from friends and family members they had unwittingly suckered into one of the biggest crypto scams of all-time, but their life savings as well. Mortgage payments, college education funds and giant-sized loans all disappeared overnight as Bitconnect shuttered its doors; the anonymous team members making off with a trove of user-deposited BTC and disappearing into the moonlight.
Though the original masterminds behind Bitconnect are thought to be based in Indonesia, they have yet to be identified or brought to justice. Scattered among the wreckage of ruined hopes and dreams are a few legal proceedings against representatives of the Ponzi scheme in America, who used their social media sway over the crypto community to lure them into losing vast amounts of money in the scam.
We wish the story had a happier ending: that investors got their money back, that the Bitconnect team was brought to trial, and that they sincerely regretted their actions, saw the err of their crooked ways and promised never to do it again. However, this was not the case, and with our next week’s story of Ethconnect (imagine Bitconnect but with Ethereum instead of bitcoin), we will explore an even deeper level of human greed than you perhaps previously thought was unimaginable. So until then dear readers, stay tuned, stay sharp, and stay away from scams!